An inherent conflict exists between talent and large organizations. They box it in. I first came across this in the landmark book by T.E. Lawrence (aka Lawrence of Arabia) Seven Pillars of Wisdom. He tapped this conflict to launch the Arab revolt in World War I against the Turks.
Why Large Organizations Box In Talent
In his book, Lawrence ponders why two Arabs can hold off a dozen Turks but a thousand Arabs can’t defeat a thousand Turks. He concludes that something happens when talent and large organizations merge. Talent loses something.
That loss occurs because large armies must organize around the weakest link. In this way, they can tap the advantages size and technology offer. In other words, large armies can’t organize around a set of duties and skills that are impossible for a soldier to perform. In short, literally and figuratively, they box in talent.
Special Forces versus Regular Army
The contrast between today’s Special Forces and regular army supports this too. As the article, “Imperial Grunts,” shows in the October 2005 issue of The Atlantic, many of these SF fighters would not fit well in the regular army.
Take a simple example, marching. All must march at the same speed. This holds true even though some can march faster than others. Thus, all, even the talented, must march at the same speed of the slowest acceptable recruit. When talent and large organizations meet, the latter boxes in the former.
Talent and Large Organizations in the Workplace
In the workplace, companies set policies, rules, guidelines and protocols at some minimum level. They can’t have ones that set the bar too high. They won’t find enough employees. Witness why large organizations spread out their operations. It’s to access talent. One city can’t provide enough to meet that minimum level.
Thus, like an army, large organizations organize around the weakest link. Thus, a talent won’t have the freedom to show what he really could do. He must do his job. In a large firm that is usually very specific. It’s too narrow to make use of all his talents. It boxes him in.
Combining this with co-workers who threatened by the talent, boxing in worsens. They marginalize, even attack, the talent, saying he’s not a team player. In the end, the talent leaves. In this way, this inherent conflict resolves itself. The talent gets in line or finds himself spit out like ill tasting food.