Cooperation vs. Self-interest (Pt 5): Humans vs. Apes
In a previous post, I briefly mentioned the work of Michael Tomasello of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology as reported by Elizabeth Kolbert in her article, “Sleeping With The Enemy,” which appeared in the August 15/22, 2011 issue of the The New Yorker. At the time, I cited Tomasello’s work to emphasize the natural orientation humans have toward cooperation. In this post, I am suggesting that cooperation is a higher form of intelligent behavior than self-interest.
Here are two quotes from the article indirectly suggesting this:
- Apes seem to lack the impulse toward collective problem-solving that’s so central to human society.
- If you were at the zoo today, you would never have seen two chimps carry something heavy together. They don’t have this kind of collaborative project.
Only thinking and working towards your self-interest without consideration for others is definitely easier to accomplish than cooperation is. Additionally, when you add the importance of context, empathy and intrinsic rewards – all ingredients we’ve discussed earlier – to encourage natural cooperative tendencies, the achievement of cooperation is difficult, demanding and warrants a higher form of talent, aptitude and skill.
Furthermore, we can even take cooperation to a higher level when it comes to encouraging it within a diverse workforce. Such a workforce is more likely to be creative, innovative and adaptable. It’s much easier to gain cooperation within an homogeneous workforce than a diverse one. Moreover, creating the context, empathy and intrinsic rewards to appeal to such diversity requires special talents.
Again, all of this is to suggest that the desire and ability to cooperate belongs in the realm of a higher life form, humans rather than apes. Seen more simply, whereas self-interest puts our behavior more in line with those of apes, cooperation elevates us above them.
- Cooperation vs. Self-interest: Which Reigns Supreme?
- Cooperation vs. Self-interest (Pt 2): Context – The Great Influencer
- Cooperation vs. Self-interest (Pt 3): Empathy
- Cooperation vs. Self-interest (Pt 4): Intrinsic Rewards
- Cooperation vs. Self-interest (Pt 6): Incentives & Rats
- Cooperation vs. Self-interest (Pt 5): Humans vs. Apes
- How Altruism in Groups Plays Out Against Self-interest
- What’s In It For Me Under Attack By Nobel Prize Winner
Great read. For humans, altruism is favored by natural selection, especially now that we live together in large numbers. Apes do in fact solve problems, just in smaller group that require less cooperation-there’s just less evolutionary pressure.
Thank you for the comment, Zeb. I find many humans also practice altruism because they enjoy it. I appreciate you stopping by. ~Mike